In January last year, the Swedish government ordered an investigation into “Penalty scales for certain serious infringements of intellectual property”. Supreme Court Justice Mr. Dag Mattson was appointed as a special investigator to consider the need for stricter sentencing for the most serious cases of copyright and trademark infringement. Today, copyright and/or trademark infringement in Sweden normally results in a fine, but in the most serious cases, the infringer can be sentenced to imprisonment for up to two years. On February 15, 2018, Mr. Mattson presented his proposal (SOU 2018:6). It consists of introducing two new criminal denominations: gross copyright infringement and gross trademark infringement. Failing one of the new crimes can be sentenced to imprisonment for six months up to six years.